中秋节的由来你知多少?
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中秋节的由来你知多少?

双语翻译
发布时间:2016-09-12作者:系统管理员

中秋节是中国人的传统节日之一,每年农历8月15日庆祝。传说月亮在这一天最大最圆。根据推算,今年公历9月15日为中秋节。

The August Moon Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival (Chinese characters above) is one of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is held on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month. Chinese legends say that the moon is at its brightest and roundest on this day. Based on the Gregorian calendar, this year's August Moon Festival will be held on September 15.

中秋节也被称为女人的节日,月(汉字部首)象征着优雅与美丽。而西方人则崇尚太阳(阳刚或男性)的力量,东亚地区的人们则崇尚月亮。月亮代表“阴”或女性,并且被看做是可靠的朋友。中国的父母总喜欢以“月”为女儿取名,为的是希望她们像月亮一样可爱。

The August Moon Festival is often called the Women's Festival. The moon (Chinese character on right) symbolizes elegance and beauty. While Westerners worship the sun (yang or male) for its power, people in the Far East admire the moon. The moon is the 'yin' or female principle and it is a trusted friend. Chinese parents often name their daughters after the moon, in hope that they will be as lovely as the moon.

月亮仙子——嫦娥

The Moon FairyLady - 'Chang Er'

这个故事发生在公元前2170年左右,那个时候,天上有十个太阳,它们轮流照亮地上。但有一天,十个太阳一同出现,他们发出的热量烧焦了地上的作物。一位身强体壮、性格暴虐名叫后羿的弓箭手拯救了人间。他成功接连射落九个太阳。有一天,后羿偷了一位神仙的长生不老药。而他美丽的妻子嫦娥为了帮助人们脱离他暴虐的统治偷偷喝下了长生不老药。喝下药之后他发现自己飘浮起来并飞向了月亮。后裔十分爱他美若天仙的妻子,他不忍心将她从月亮上射落。

The story about the lady took place around 2170 B.C. At that time, the earth had ten suns circling it, each taking its turn to illuminate to the earth. But one day all ten suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved by a strong and tyrannical archer named Hou Yi. He succeeded in shooting down nine of the suns. One day, Hou Yi stole the elixir of life from a goddess. However, his beautiful wife Chang E drank the elixir of life in order to save the people from her husband's tyrannical rule. After drinking it, she found herself floating and flew all the way to the moon. Hou Yi loved his divinely beautiful wife so much, he refused to shoot down the moon.

人们认为嫦娥是住在月亮上的仙子,所以月亮才会发光。女孩子如果想要变得漂亮并且有一位如意郎君都要供奉月亮。而中秋之时,孩子们都会向月亮仙子许愿祈求他们能够梦想成真。

People believed that the lady was a god who lived in the moon that made the moon shine. Girls who wanted to be a beauty and have a handsome husband should worship the moon. And on this magical occasion, children who make wishes to the Lady on the Moon will find their dreams come true.

伐木人——吴刚

The wood cutter - Wu Kang

吴刚是个懒惰而又不学无数的学徒。有一天他想学道成仙,于是他住到深山里强求以为仙人教他法术。起初,仙人教他治病的草药,但三天之后吴刚不安定的本性就暴露出来了。他又求仙人教他其他的东西,于是仙人教他下棋,但不久之后吴刚又失去了兴趣。于是仙人给了他研习仙术的书籍。当然没几天吴刚又觉得无聊了,并问仙人能否远行到一些新鲜有趣的地方。气恼于吴刚毫无耐心的本性,仙人罚他去月宫,并告诉他除非他能砍倒一棵巨大的桂树,否则他就不能回到人间。虽然吴刚日夜砍伐,但这棵神奇的树每次被砍倒创伤又会自己愈合,于是吴刚只有夜以继日地砍伐。

Wu Kang was a shiftless fellow who changed apprenticeships all the time. One day he decided that he wanted to be an immortal, so he went to live in the mountains where he importuned an immortal to teach him. First the immortal taught him about the herbs used to cure sickness, but after three days his characteristic restlessness returned and Wu Kang asked the immortal to teach him something else. So the immortal taught him chess, but after a short while Wu Kang's enthusiasm again waned. Then Wu Kang was given the books of immortality to study. Of course, Wu Kang became bored within a few days, and asked if they could travel to some new and exciting place. Angered with Wu Kang's impatience, the master banished Wu Kang to the Moon Palace telling him that he must cut down a huge cassia tree before he could return to earth. Though Wu Kang chopped day and night, the magical tree restored itself with each blow, and thus he is up there chopping still.

野兔——玉兔

The Hare - Jade Rabbit

传说中,三味仙人将自己变成可怜的老人向一只狐狸、猴子和兔子乞讨吃的,狐狸和猴子都将自己的食物分给了仙人,只有兔子自己跳入了火坑而将自己的肉献出来,先人们被兔子的牺牲所感动,于是将兔子留在了月宫,这只兔子后来变成了玉兔。

In this legend, three fairy sages transformed themselves into pitiful old men and begged for something to eat from a fox, a monkey and a rabbit. The fox and the monkey both had food to give the old men, but the rabbit, empty-handed, offered his own flesh instead by jumping into a blazing fire to cook himself. The sages were so touched by the rabbit's sacrifice that they let him live in the Moon Palace where he became the "Jade Rabbit."

每到这一天,亲人都会欢聚一堂吃月饼并庆祝丰收。文人们也写了很多跟月亮有关的诗。这个夜晚也是浪漫约会的好时刻。新朋旧友也因此相聚,难怪中秋节对于那些相信月亮神秘力量的人来说有着特殊意义。

Families get together to eat mooncakes and celebrate the end of the harvest season on this day. Scholars write poems about the moon. This night is also made for romantic rendezvous. Friendships are made and renewed. No wonder the August Moon Festival has a special meaning to all who believe in the mystical powers of the moon.

中秋节最早是于什么时候庆祝的?目前古籍资料上还没有找到确切时间,但学者们认为他跟中国的两个习俗有关。

When did this festival first begin? No exact date can be found in historical documents, but scholars assume that it is related to 2 customs in China.

第一个习俗是关于农民的,中国是一个农业大国,而农业跟季节息息相关。在古代,农民们春天撒种播种时会向土地之神祈祷丰收。这就是著名的春日祭祀。到了秋天,人们会再次祭祀土地之神,感谢他给予人们丰收,这就是著名的秋日祭祀,因为阴历8月15日是水稻成熟之时,所以有些人认为中秋节是从秋日祭祀仪式演变而来的。

The first custom concerns farmers. China is an agricultural country, and farming is closely related to the seasons. In ancient times, farmers worshipped the Earth God to pray for a good harvest, when they sowed the seeds in spring. This was known as spring worship. During autumn, farmers also worshipped the Earth God to thank him for giving them a good harvest. This was known as autumn reward. Since the 15'" month of the 8th month is the time when rice paddies are harvested, some people believe that the Mid Autumn Festival came from the autumn reward ritual.

第二个习俗与祭祀月亮有关。根据天文学,中秋节是秋分之时。在这个时候,太阳直射赤道,南北半球昼夜平分。月亮在晚上出现,云淡风轻,是观月的最佳时机。后来人们就把这一天定为祭祀月亮的日子。

The second custom concerns worship of the moon. According to astronomy, the Mid Autumn Festival occurs at the autumn equinox. At this time, the sunlight shines vertically on the equator, equally dividing the day and night in both the southern and northern hemispheres. The moon appears in the evening with gentle winds and light clouds. This is the best time to watch the moon. People later made this day, the day to worship the moon.