英语学习的关键点,主动训练比被动学习更有效!
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英语学习的关键点,主动训练比被动学习更有效!

英语学习
发布时间:2016-09-14作者:系统管理员

English is not a knowledge set to be memorized; rather it is a skill to be trained.

英语不是一门需要记忆的知识,而是一项需要训练的技能。

Use of passive learning of separate language components is less efficient than modern active learning of all components concurrently.

被动学习独立的语言元素,效率要比现代式的对所有语言元素同时进行主动学习低得多。

Let's consider why the common belief about no shortcuts has penetrated the belief system of teachers and educators.

让我们来思考一下,为什么学习没有捷径的认知已经深入到教师和教育者的信仰中。

All traditional methods of teaching English consider language as information to be remembered. They dissect the language into individual components and teach reading, writing, pronunciation, speaking, and grammar separately.

所有传统的英语教学方法都认为语言是需要记忆的信息。他们将语言分解成各个独立的元素,并分别进行阅读、写作、发音、口语和语法教学。

In this environment of passive learning, a learner needs to spend four or five years of hard work to speak fluently.

在这种被动的学习环境中,学习者需要努力学习四到五年才能流利地交流。

We spend years in school learning a lot of subjects. Schools teach most subjects using textbooks, lectures, notes, memorization, and tests.

我们在学校里花费很多年学习大量学科。学校教授的大部分课程都依靠教材、讲义、笔记、背诵和测试的方法。

The only problem is that language skills cannot be learned in this way, any more than you can learn to play the guitar or drive a car by reading or even memorizing the instruction manuals. That is why after learning English for three-plus years, you are still not able to communicate in it fluently.

唯一的问题是,你可以通过阅读或者背诵操作指南来学习弹吉他或者开车,但你不能以这种方式学习语言技能。这就是为什么在学习英语三年多后,你仍然无法用流利的英语交流。

English is not a knowledge set to be memorized; rather it is a skill to be acquired by practicing under guided instruction or by using mobile application with the new pedagogy of active learning.

英语本身就不是依靠背诵的知识,而是在有指向性的指导下,练习或使用蕴涵新的主动学习法的移动应用,来获得的一种技能。

The problem is that active learning was invented only recently and is unknown to teachers or educators.

问题是,主动学习法是最近才发明的,老师和教育者们都还不了解它。

Google contains only eight references on "active learning of English skills," and they all point to the Language Bridge Technology.

谷歌只收录了八个关于"主动学习"的条目,而这八条信息都和语言桥技术有关。

According to the Learning Pyramid, we remember about 20% of what we hear.

根据学习金字塔理论,我们能够记忆大约20%我们听到的内容。

Speaking more, by itself, will not improve your vocabulary and grammar; actually, it can make things worse.

口语练习本身并不会提高你的词汇和语法,实际上,它可能会不利于学习。

To acquire language patterns and intuitive grammar - it is not enough to speak because you are just practicing what you already know.

要获得语言模式和直观的语法,仅仅靠口语练习是不够的,因为你只是在练习你已经知道的内容。

Some teachers think that because their learners spend 80% of class time speaking in English, they use active learning method.

一些教师认为,由于他们的学习者花费80%的课堂时间在英语口语中,他们就在使用主动学习的方法。

However, in reality, only one person speaks at a time, and the rest of the class passively listens to the peers speaking in broken English.

然而实际上,每次只有一个人在发言,课上的其他人都在被动的听同学们用断断续续的英语发言。

The learning becomes active when each learner spends 80% of class time speaking in English. It seems that we have reached a dead end.

当每一个学习者用80%的课堂时间进行英语口语练习时,学习就变成主动的了。我们看上去已经进入了一个死胡同。

How on earth could you have all learners to speak all the time? No conventional method allows for that.

到底如何能让所有学习者都在所有时间里做口语练习?所有的传统学习方法都不能做到这一点。

However, the unconventional method called the Language Bridge Technology (LBT) allows exactly this — active training of English skills.

不过,非传统的方法语言桥技术(LBT)就能达到积极的训练英语技能。

To learn English effectively, it is not enough to read or listen or write or speak – all those skills should be practiced concurrently while a learner understands the context and is emotionally involved in it.

要有效地学习英语,单独的阅读、听力、写作和口语练习都是不够的,这些技能应该在学习者理解背景并全情投入的情况下同时进行练习。

LBT achieves this objective by using android application that introduces speech shadowing of lessons and drills that all learners wearing headsets perform at the same time. This allows the brain to remember language patterns and intuitive grammar, and prepare it for thinking and speaking in English.

语言桥技术可以通过安卓应用实现这一点。该安卓应用在所有佩戴耳机的学习者练习的同时会介绍他们语言中隐藏的经验和教训。这使得大脑能够记住语言模式和直观语法,并为大脑准备用英语思考和交流。

Each learner, using the LBT application, speaks 80% of the time in class about familiar situations and concepts they understand. The application provides support in Mandarin when the learner needs it, but the main experience is in English.

每一位使用语言桥技术应用的学习者,会利用课上80%的时间对他们熟悉的情况或理解的概念进行口语练习。这个应用会在学习者需要的时候提供普通话帮助,但主要是使用英语的。